Reasons for falls and some basic steps you can take

Feet - poorly fitting, worn out footwear

  • Make sure your shoes/slippers hold your foot firmly in place, and avoid narrow heels, open backs or worn soles
  • See a podiatrist if your feet are painful

Eyes - reduced visability (whether poor lighting or vision itself)

  • Have your eyes tested regularly (every two years if under 70, annually thereafter) - it's free if you're over 65
  • Look after your glasses and clean them often

Health - not eating properly, staying hydrated and taking medication as prescribed

  • Keep eating healthily, and don't go long periods between meals
  • Drink lots of water
  • Always take your medicines on time, as prescribed - are one of the side effects of these dizziness/light headedness, disturbed balance or drowsiness?
  • Be aware of changing weather conditions

Mobility - lack of mobility can lead to muscle weakness, staying in because of fear of falling etc

  • Try to keep doing little things every day, it will help you maintain balance and muscle strength
  • Continue with any exercises you have been advised to do

Home - worn carpets, curled rugs, uneven steps, trailing wires etc

Look out for hazards

  • Worn floor coverings, or curled up edges of mats/rugs
  • Tripping hazards - including clutter, trailing cables, dark coloured animals
  • Poor lighting - on the stairs or at night near the bathroom
  • Low beds and chairs - make getting up a struggle
  • Slippy floors in kitchens and bathrooms
  • Keep your home warm
If you would like to know more about 'Reasons for falls':

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